This article was written by Paul Hoffman. You can read his previous articles here. He has read and researched several research papers on sprinting and performance articles so you don’t have to.
If any of these articles interest you, feel free to research the case studies and methodology and come up with your own conclusions.
Sprinting Research Review (Part 2)
1. THE PLACEBO EFFECT: INFLUENCE ON RECOVERY DURING REPEATED INTERMITTENT SPRINTS by Danilo V. Tolusso. May 2014..
This is a very interesting Master’s degree thesis whereby sprinters were given a placebo sports drink, with water as a control, to determine effects on recovery. Statistically significant improvements in sprint power performance were demonstrated with the placebo!
2. THE EFFECT OF CREATINE AND/OR CAFFEINE INGESTION ON REPEATED BOUTS OF HIGH-INTENSITY EXERCISE PERFORMANCE by Zoltan Andre Torok. 2010
This Master’s degree thesis demonstrated that the combination of creatine loading plus caffeine enhanced performance.
3. Effects of resisted sprint training on acceleration with three different loads accounting for 5%, 12.5% and 20% of body mass. Bachero-Mena, Beatriz, and Juan José González-Badillo. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research (2014).
Results showed that to improve the initial phase of acceleration up to 30 m, loads around 20% of body mass should be used, whereas to improve high-speed acceleration phases, loads around 5 to 12.5% of body mass should be preferred.
4. Co-ingestion of caffeine and carbohydrate after meal does not improve performance at high-intensity intermittent sprints with short recovery times. by Ching-Feng Cheng,Chia-Jung Lee, Yu-Hsuan Kuo, Wen-Dien Chang. springer.com
Showed that co-ingestion of caffeine and carbs did not improve high-intensity sprint cycling performance or reduce fatigue in active males. Moreover, supplementation might facilitate catabolism during prolonged high-intensity intermittent exercise.
5. Effects of heavy episodic drinking on physical performance in club level rugby union players. Christopher Prentice, Stephen R. Stannard, Matthew J. Barnes
Demonstrated that heavy episodic alcohol use, and associated reduced sleep hours, results in a reduction in lower body power output but not other measures of anaerobic performance the morning after a drinking session. Full recovery from this behaviour is achieved by two days post drinking episode.
6. The Effects of the Strength Shoe [trademarked product] During Plyometric Training. by Jim Flaherty, Mackie Shilstone, Tim Church and Zachary Fischer.
Showed improvement in anaerobic power and capacity, 40m sprint, and vertical jump.
7. Comparing The Effects of The Plyometric Exercise on Sand, Grass and Wood Surfaces on Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness Of Young Athletes. International Journal of Sport Studies. Vol., 4 (4), 441-447, 2014
The results indicate that training on sand leads to a reduction in the delayed onset muscle soreness induced by plyometric training.
8. Lower extremity overuse injuries in the skeletally immature athleteWilliams, Ariel A.; Valasek, Amy E.; Wilckens, John H. Current Orthopaedic Practice, April 28, 2014
In this new era of increasing youth participation in sports, more overuse injuries are occurring in young athletes.
9. Pruyn, Elizabeth Claire, Mark Watsford, and Aron Murphy. “The relationship between lower-body stiffness and dynamic performance.” Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism ja (2014).
Lower leg stiffness was shown to be advantageous for bounding, sprinting and jumping. Practitioners can modify this attribute in their work with athletes.
10. Relationships between hip range of motion, sprint kinematics and kinetics in track and field athletes.Master’s Thesis, Brodie Hewlett , University of Auckland, NZ. 2013.
Demonstrated strong correlation which will benefit researchers and practitioners..