Click here for all the previous Sprint Reviews
Paul Hoffman has read and researched several research papers on sprinting and performance articles, so you don’t have to. If any of these articles interest you, feel free to research the case studies and methodology and come up with your own conclusions.
(Click on the link to the original reference, where applicable)
1. The 10 most popular papers of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. 2018.
2. Comparison Of Hamstring Muscle Activation During High-Speed Running And Various Hamstring Strengthening Exercises Roland van den Tillaar, International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy.
Nordic hamstring exercises with its variation together with the laying kick activates the hamstrings at high levels and at angles similar to the joint angles at which peak hamstring activation occurs during sprinting, while cranes did not reach high levels of hamstring activation compared with sprinting.
3. Effects of an Eccentric Overload Training Intervention on the Muscle Function of a Hurdle Sprinter with Hamstring Problems: A Case Report
Cornelius Kraus. Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology. 2018
The principle of eccentric overloading proved to be an effective component for reducing muscular imbalances and at the same time favouring performance optimization.
4. A comparison between the force–velocity relationships of unloaded and sled-resisted sprinting: single vs. multiple trial methods. Matt R. Cross.
European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2018.
When horizontal force or power output is considered for a given speed, resisted sprinting is similar to its associated phase during an unloaded sprint acceleration [e.g. first steps (~?3 m s?1)?=?heavy resistance]. Error associated with increasing loading could be resultant of error, fatigue, or technique, and more research is needed. This research provides a basis for simplified assessment of optimal loading from a single unloaded sprint.
5. Bend Sprinting Performance : New insights into the effect of running lane. Sarah Churchill. Sheffield University, UK. 2018.
Race velocity decreased mainly because of reductions in step frequency as radius decreased. These unique data demonstrate the extent of the disadvantage of inner lane allocation during competition may be greater than previously suspected. Variations in race velocity changes might indicate some athletes are better able to accommodate running at tighter radii than others, which should have implications for athletes’ training.
6. A Pilot Analysis: Can The Bulgarian Split-Squat Potentiate Sprint Acceleration In Strength-Trained Men . Robert George Lockie, Facta Universitatas. 2018.
The BSS did not potentiate speed at any time, although there was great individual variation. The best 0-5 m time was significantly different from the baseline (p = 0.022), with no differences between PAP conditions. Significant correlations were found between strength and sprint potentiation at 16 min for the 0-5 m interval, and at 8 min and the best times for the 0-20 m interval (r = -0.786 to -0.893). There were correlations between PP and PF for each leg with sprint potentiation from 2-12 min across all intervals (r = -0.786 to -0.964). Stronger individuals who generate greater PP and PF in a 5RM BSS will be more likely to potentiate 20-m sprint performance.
7. Resistance exercise and sports performance: The Minority report. Samuel L.Buckner. Science Direct. 2018.
The weight of evidence suggests that resistance exercise may indirectly impact sports performance through injury prevention, as opposed to directly improving sport related abilities.
8. The Physiological Effects Of Wearing A Compression Garment During Resistance Exercise . By Makenzie R. Stade, December 2017. A Dissertation Thesis.
The results suggest that compression did not attenuate muscular fatigue or damage as
These findings suggest that wearing a compression garment during resistance exercise may improve venous return and the re-oxygenation of muscle tissue.
9. Why Lacking Vitamin D Could Be Hurting your Exercise Performance.
An interesting research review of the topic.
10. The Measurement of Sprint Mechanics Using Instrumented Treadmills. Jean-Benoit Morin. Journal of Biomechanics in Testing and Training. 2018.
Cutting edge laboratory installations now allow for full-length sprint acceleration studies (single or multiple sprint protocols) with track-embedded force plates.
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