This article was written by Paul Hoffman. You can read his previous articles here. He has read and researched several research papers on sprinting and performance articles so you don’t have to.
If any of these articles interest you, feel free to research the case studies and methodology and come up with your own conclusions.
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Sprinting Research Review (Part 3)
1. Relationships between lower-limb kinematics and block phase performance in a cross section of sprinters.Neil Edward Bezodis, Aki Ilkka Tapio Salo & Grant Trewartha. Rantalainen, Timo, et al.Eurpoean Journal of Sport Science 2014.
As increased block power production was not associated with any negative aspects of technique in the subsequent stance phase, sprinters should be encouraged to maximise extension at both hips during the block phase
2. “Tibial and Fibular Mid-Shaft Bone Traits in Young and Older Sprinters and Non-Athletic Men.” Calcified Tissue International (2014): 1-9.
Habitual sprint training appears to maintain tibial bone strength, but not radial cortical density distribution into older age. Fibular bone strength appeared unaffected by habitual sprinting.
3. Anaerobic performance after endurance strength training in hypobaric environment. J. Álvarez-Hermsa.
Our study shows a better anaerobic capacity after endurance strength training at a moderate simulated altitude compared with that attained following the same training protocol at sea level.
4. The cooling effect of cryotherapy on power and accuracy in the pitching arms of baseball layers. DK Wilbanks – 2014.
This study did not illustrate a positive effect of cooling the arm during resting intervals to prolong endurance or accuracy. [And presumably any thrower.]
5. No Differences in Kinetics between the Squat Jump, Push Press and Mid-Thigh Power Clean. J Athl Enhancement
From the findings of this study the peak Fz, RFD and peak power during the mid-thigh power clean, squat jump and push press, performed using 60% 1RM power clean, are comparable. If the focus of training is rapid force production under high load then the exercise that permits the greatest loading should be used, which is likely to be the squat jump.
6. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:Magnitude and relative distribution of kettlebell snatch force-time characteristics.Lake, Jason P.; Hetzler, Brandon S.; Lauder, Mike A.
These results suggest that strength and conditioning coaches should consider using kettlebell snatch and 2-handed swing exercise interchangeably for the ballistic component of athlete strength and conditioning programs.
7. Strength & Conditioning Research, June Edition ($10 USD)
This is a great research review about stretching by Chris Beardsley & Bret Contreras’s monthly Strength & Conditioning Research review service
8. Cold Water Immersion: A Foe for Immediate Leg Strength Recovery Post Strenuous Activity Supriyo Mondal 1*, Ashok Kumar Goon 2, Chandan Ghosh 31, Ph.D. Scholar, Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India 2, Associate Professor, HOD, Department of Physical Education, Visva Bharati, W.B., India 3, Ph.D. Scholar, Dept. of Physical Education, Visva Bharati, W.B., India
An interesting article that discusses a commonly used recovery method with surprising conclusions.
9. Effects of a 10-week In-Season Eccentric Overload Training Program on Muscle Injury Prevention and Performance in Junior Elite Soccer Players.de Hoyo M1, Pozzo M, Sañudo B, Carrasco L, Gonzalo-Skok O, Domínguez-Cobo S, Morán-Camacho E.
The eccentric-based program led to a reduction in muscle injury incidence and severity, and showed improvements in common soccer tasks, such as jumping ability and linear sprinting speed
10. Laitano, Orlando, José Luiz Runco, and Lindsay Baker. “HYDRATION SCIENCE AND STRATEGIES IN FOOTBALL.” Sports Science 27.128 (2014): 1-7.
Dehydration of >2% body mass deficit has been shown to impair football-specific performance, including intermittent high-intensity sprinting and dribbling skills. Football players and referees typically only consume enough fluid to replace ~50% of fluid losses during training and match play, which can result in ?2 dehydration,especially in warmer environmental conditions. Additionally, it is often observed that football players start a practice or match play already in a dehydrated state, probably as a result of cumulative dehydration from previous training practices. Therefore, fluid intake on a daily basis may be as important as fluid intake strategies during competition.